What Is Surrogate Motherhood?
The question "what is surrogate motherhood?" is acute today. Both the aspects of ethics and opportunities are widely discussed
all over the world.
Surrogate motherhood
Surrogate motherhood is the only way for women who cannot get pregnant due to health issues to get a genetically native child.

Based on this method of infertility management, the egg of the genetic mother is fertilized artificially by the sperm of genetic father, and the embryo is placed into surrogate mother's body.

In nine months, the surrogate mother carries a child with whom she does not have any genetic connection. The newborn is genetically and legally considered the child of a married couple.

Indications for Surrogate Motherhood

If you do not know what is surrogate mother and what the indications are, we are ready to share this knowledge. Surrogate motherhood programs are recommended only if there are the following medical indications:

  • absence of uterus;
  • deformation of the cavity or cervix;
  • diseases due to which pregnancy and childbirth may threaten the life of the woman;
  • numerous unsuccessful attempts of IVF;
  • structural-morphological or anatomical changes in the endometrium of the uterus;
  • severe somatic diseases.

Surrogate motherhood involves careful examination and observation to increase the chances of bearing a healthy child. It is not enough to know what is surrogate mother process; people should be able to organize the process and smoothly follow all the stages. So only a reputable clinique should be addressed.
Who Is Surrogate Mother?

A physically and mentally healthy woman of 18 years old and older can become a surrogate mother. A surrogate mother must have a healthy child or several children of her own. If the potential surrogate mother is married, then a written consent of the spouse for an IVF program is required.

The procedure for fertilization of the surrogate mother as a whole is no different from IVF. The only difference is the fact that the fertilized egg is transferred from the test tube not to the biological, but to the surrogate mother.

Procedure to Follow
Firstly, future parents choose a potential surrogate mother. It is highly recommended to cooperate with a healthy woman of 20-35 years old. Before the IVF procedure, the woman undergoes a full medical examination. Apart from blood and urine examinations, the future surrogate mother must undergo an examination with a gynecologist, therapist, and psychiatrist.

If the examination is successful, and potential surrogate mother is healthy, the next step is synchronization of the menstrual cycle of two mothers: biological and surrogate. This is necessary to ensure that the embryo is ideally placed and accepted by the body of the surrogate mother. And this requires a certain level of maturity of the inner layer of the uterus.

Both biological parents undergo tests. The genetic mother receives a course of hormonal medications for superovulation – the production of several eggs. This is necessary to increase the chance of fertilization in vitro. The eggs, extracted from the mother's body, are impregnated by her husband's sperm.

Within a few days, the eggs are put in a special environment. When fertilization takes place, they are injected into the uterus of the surrogate mother. All these procedures require utmost accuracy and experience, and should be conducted only in reputable cliniques.